Most poisonous snakes attack humans only in self-defense. And yet, be extremely careful when going in their habitats. Before you go for a walk in an unfamiliar area, ask local residents, what are the poisonous snakes found there.
In the forest and steppe zones of Central Russia lives adder, in the steppe zone-steppe Viper. The Caucasus and Transcaucasia live Viper, and the Caucasus, and Asia minor long-nosed Viper; on the South of Central Asia — sand Viper. Going to places where there are venomous snakes, you should wear closed and high shoes and tuck in the pants. Picking berries in the high shrubs, be careful where you step.
Adder like snakes, most of which are not poisonous. To distinguish a Viper from a poisonous snake is not very difficult (at the head of this snake is usually two yellow spots), and yet never catch snakes for fun.
If you see a slithering snake, don’t touch it. Let move anywhere she wanted. Get away from her as far as possible. A sure sign that a snake is going to attack, — a folding ring.
If, despite all precautions, you are bitten by a venomous snake, examine the bite. From the bite of non-venomous snakes are two thin scratches. By the bite of a poisonous snake will always be visible punctures from the teeth. Around the wound Continue reading
When the snake bites the world’s leading pathological factor is intoxication, and sometimes role plays and sensitization to poison.
Symptoms . Typical symptoms of intoxication: nausea, vomiting, violet, crimson spots of various sizes and swelling at the bite site, swollen lymph nodes, weakness, increased sweating, pain in the bite location, the nearby muscles by gradually strengthening them, hemorrhagic skin rash near the bite, like syndrome, including emotional shock, epistaxis. gangrene of the skin at the bite site, etc. these symptoms can accede to an allergic reaction of varying severity. Clinical manifestations of snake venom poisoning is extremely diverse and depend on the number neirolepticeski, proteolytic and cytolytic agents, coagulants, enzymes in the venom.
Fundamentally we can distinguish two types of toxicity: neurotoxic and hemorrhagic. For the first type is characterized by a sharp pain in the area of the bite with subsequent development of myalgia, General weakness and fatigue, headache, dysphagia; for the second, burning pain at the bite location, with a strong swelling around it and the appearance of hemorrhages.
Treatment . Child, bitten by a snake (and adult!), should ensure complete rest with minimal Continue reading
The man himself does not understand his condition, when you glance at the snake begins to rise pressure, quickened heartbeat and released adrenaline into the blood. Judging by the fact that we offer a continual documentaries about animals, with snakes better not to face. Who knows, this may be your last meeting face to face with danger. Needless to say that snakes inhabit the entire planet, without exception? Besides the usual for us vipers and water-snakes there are about 500 species of snakes, of which we have not only not seen, but about which we never heard.
A little bit about snake color
Snake coloration can be varied. For the most part she prisposobitsya and depends on the environment that is around. Snakes are the real chameleons, masters of hide and seek in the rocks, greenery, sand, etc. So the colour corresponds to the tree snakes, and yellowish-sandy posting representatives of the species. The coloration of some species, for example the Gabon Viper or tiger Python seems too bright, cutting human eye.
On the territory of the North Caucasus it is possible to meet a wide variety of reptiles. Ranging from plain brown to red and orange. Continue reading