The famous snake
Snakes – that reptiles scaly squad. They are widely distributed worldwide and live on all the Islands and continents, except Antarctica, Ireland, New Zealand and many small Islands in the Pacific and the Atlantic ocean.
Snakes have an elongated body, devoid of the shoulder girdle, chest and tail, whose length can vary from 10 centimeters to 15 meters. Their jaws are so arranged that they are able to swallow food whole, and a muscular esophagus pushes it into the stomach for further digestion. They have almost no ears, eyes do not have movable eyelids, and their ears are deprived of the eardrum. But they have excellent vision and sense of smell.
Types of snakes
Many snakes are known to possess outstanding size and high degree of toxicity of the poison. All known species of snakes are predators, hunting for a variety of vertebrates and invertebrates, with a poisonous snake, first kill their victim by poisoning with poison and non-poisonous – either swallow it alive, or suffocate. Most of these reptiles predators is a poisonous, venomous refers to snakes only 1/4 of all available species of snakes.
The most well-known snakes are snakes, pythons, Cobra, Mamba, Anaconda and Viper. Reticulated pythons are the longest snakes. In 2012 the inhabitants of the island of Sumatra found reticulated Python length of 15 meters and a weight of 550 pounds.
The most poisonous land snake is the tiger snake venom which is enough to kill 400 people. Very dangerous and aggressive snake is the Taipan. living in deserted areas of Australia.
Very poisonous rattlesnakes, inhabiting the deserts of America. Hemotoksicskie their venom destroys tissues of the animal and its internal organs. For humans the bite of this snake can be fatal if not quickly enter the antidote.
The most famous of the snake is a Cobra, they are most recognizable because of the flaring of the hood. They represent a great danger to humans and animals, but unlike the vipers that attack the treacherous and at the first bite released venom, always warn about their intention. King Cobra is the largest venomous snake, reaching up to 5.5 metres in length. And the fastest snake black Mamba is considered, which is capable of speeds up to 25 miles per hour.
According to serpentarii – the science of serpents – today there are about 3000 species of snakes belonging to 23 families. Snakeskin is an expensive raw material in the production of various fancy goods, and snake venom is widely used in medicine as a painkiller and anti-inflammatory.