For successful treatment it is necessary to know what kind of snake bit your pet.
The bites of non-poisonous snakes are not fatal, but the wound from the bite may be infected.
The bites of venomous snakes can lead to shock, collapse and even death of the victim. Wounds often localized on the face and fore limbs of the dog.
Characteristic features of poisonous snakes . the head is triangular in shape, the body is relatively short, slit-like pupils. The bite of a poisonous snake represents the two wounds like punctures, usually with a bruise or bleeding and severe pain. The bites are usually more toxic in the spring, because it is injected more venom. Bites to the tongue or neck dangerous probability of strangulation due to increasing edema. Bites to the torso are more serious than in the face or limbs. The agonizing snake bites contain large amounts of poison. About 20% of snake bites are “dry” and contain a small amount of poison or not contain it at all.
Non-poisonous snakes usually have a narrow head, elongated shape, relatively long body and round pupils. The wound has the shape of an inverted U. as a rule, without excessive bleeding.
Systemic signs of snake venom poisoning may include vomiting, impaired consciousness, sudden pressure drop, breathing problems, weakness, shock, fever, disorders of blood coagulation, hematuria (blood in urine) and heart arrhythmia.
The most frequent clinical effect of most poisons snakes – immediate decrease in systemic blood pressure due to vasodilatation of the arteries, and the anticoagulant effect (bleeding disorders). When you receive a large amount of venom may develop kidney failure. The neurotoxic effect of the venom of certain snakes is manifested in the form of respiratory paralysis and total flaccid paralysis.
– remove the poison
Not otsasyvaet the poison from the wound – it will not reduce the amount of the dose absorbed poison.
Do not use a tourniquet on the affected limb – it prevents the spread of the poison through the blood.
Not prisilaite the wound – so you provoke inflammation, but not reduce absorption of the poison.
Do not provoke panic and do not try to kill the snake – bite snake agonizing over toxic, you can hurt yourself. In addition, when excited dogs faster the poison spreads throughout the body.
Use the antidote, controlling the probability of occurrence of an Allergy on the inner side of the auricle. Hyperemia (redness) – the first sign of beginning of an anaphylactic reaction. It is better to combine the injection of antidote injection of diphenhydramine. The number of vials depends on the severity of clinical symptoms, the size of the patient and localization of the bite. 1-3 of the bottle is administered as quickly as possible. Maximum dose exists, the dose titrated until pain disappears on the site of the bite, it stops the progression of clinical signs or to normalize blood clotting.
– correction of clinical manifestations
Corticosteroids (0.1 mg/kg dexamethasone intravenously or 1 mg/kg of oral prednisolone every 12 hours until symptoms resolve) displayed in almost any kind of snake venom in the absence of antidotes.
Broad-spectrum antibiotics (cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones) are used to prevent the development of secondary infection.
Analgesics (butorphanol, morphine) are introduced to pain as needed. Because these painkillers are not always available for General use, you can carefully make use of analgin baralgin or under control of blood clotting.
In parallel, symptomatic therapy is carried out in accordance with the clinical features:
fluid therapy to reduce toxicity and maintain kidney function
diuretics to relieve swelling and accelerate the elimination of poison from the body
drugs for optimization of the coagulation systems